Long, narrow and deep is the picturesque Hallstatt Lake, famous for its namesake village Hallstatt, which stretches from the shore up the steep mountain slope.
Hallstatt is a tourist magnet and especially popular with travellers from the Far East (a copy of the village was built in China). The place is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Hallstatt.
Attracted by the rich salt deposits, the first people may have settled in the Hallstatt area as early as the Neolithic Age. Regular salt mining can be traced back to 1500 BC. The Hallstatt period is defined as the time between 800 and 400 BC. The Hallstatt burial ground is one of the world’s most outstanding sites of the older Iron Age. The Hallstatt population of all ages was buried in these graves, and precious and highly valuable grave goods were found in the burials. Around 400 BC, this epoch came to an abrupt end due to a natural disaster.